Correction of Dyschromia
Dyshromia refers to any changes in the skin color as a result of an excess or deficiency of the pigment. The changes can be aquired (for example, hemosiderin, carotene) and congenital (albinism, etc.).
The acquired ones in their turn are divided into primary and secondary.
Dyschromia can manifest itself both in the form of increased pigmentation (hyperchromia), weakening (hypochromia), and complete lack of coloration of the skin (so-called achromia, or depigmentation). The duration of their presence on the skin depends on the causes of the appearance: congenital dyschromias persist throughout the life (albinism, pigment nevi); the acquired dyschromias can disappear after a while (although depending on the cause, they sometimes remain for the life).
First of all, it is necessary to determine what causes pigmentation. There are four pigments in the skin: brown – melanin (mainly found in the basal layer of the epidermis), yellow – carotene (in the epidermal keratinocytes), red – oxygenated hemoglobin (in the capillaries of the skin), blue – reconstituted hemoglobin (found in the cutaneous venules). Sometimes the fifth pigment also occurs: melanoid – product of disintegration of melanin. Most often, dyschromia is caused by an excessive or insufficient formation of melanin, less often by an excessive deposition of other pigments (carotene, hemosiderin, bilirubin) in the skin, as well as various substances from the outside (coal particles, colorants, etc.).
Solution with the help of cosmetology:
- Ozone therapy
- Chemical peeling
- Laser therapy